Inductive Reasoning - Definition and Examples


Inductive reasoning is a type of reasoning that is based on patterns you observe. Then, based on your observations of these patterns, you will draw a conclusion.

For example, using inductive reasoning and the pattern below, what can you conclude as far as what the next shape is going to be?

♥ ♥ ♥ ♦ ♥ ♥ ♥ ♥ ♥ 

The next shape will be diamond. However, did you also notice that each time the pattern is repeated, the amount is double what was there before? 

Well if you noticed both of these, then your inductive reasoning skill is in good shape!

More examples of inductive reasoning


1. You eat at the same restaurant in July, August, and September.

In July, service was bad

In August, service was bad

In September, service was bad

What can you conclude about October? Using inductive reasoning, you may conclude that in October, service will be bad as well. 

2.

What is the next number in the list below?

1, 3, 7, 15, _____

This one might be a little tricky! To find the next number, multiply the previous number by 2 and add 1. The next number is 31.

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